Acne is a common skin condition characterized by irksome pimples, whiteheads, and blackheads that are often a source of stress and embarrassment. Acne is normally associated with teenagers, especially adolescent girls, but pustular flare-ups can also occur among young adults.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin disease marked by the inflammation and contamination of the sebaceous, or oil glands. These glands are located beneath the skin, and secrete an oily substance known as sebum. Sebum protects the skin, and also acts as a natural lubricant.
Causes of acne
Acne often develops when the pores and sebaceous glands get congested, causing the skin to become a greasy breeding ground for bacteria. This can occur because of the excess production of sebum, which spills over onto the surface of the skin, and combines with dead skin cells that have not shed. As the bacteria flourishes and multiplies, it triggers an inflammatory reaction that leads to enlarged oil glands, and the growth of pimples.
How to treat acne
There are several alternatives now available to treat the symptoms of acne. Milder forms of the disease have traditionally been managed with the use of over-the- counter drugs that contain ingredients such as salicylic acid, and benzoyl peroxide.
More severe cases of acne may require a visit to your dermatologist who may recommend one of the following treatments:
- Laser therapy: Different wavelengths of light are used to destroy the acne causing bacteria.
- Photodynamic Therapy: A photosensitizing agent along with red or blue light is used to kill acne bacteria, and also shrink the sebaceous glands.
- Chemical Peels: Acids are applied to the skin to exfoliate the top layer, and this accelerates cell turnover and unclogs pores.
Contact Skin Cancer Specialists, P.C. and Aesthetic Center, serving the greater Atlanta metro, for help with acne breakouts. Call us today to schedule a consultation.