Eczema is one of those irritating skin conditions that can affect you early in life, and persist into adulthood. There are times when the condition causes the skin to get extremely itchy, and once you start scratching it’s almost impossible to stop. This can be particularly difficult for kids to deal with, so their skin often gets inflamed and infected from all the itching.
What is eczema?
Eczema is a skin condition in which patches of the skin become dry, sensitive, itchy, and inflamed. The itchy rash often develops into blisters, and is usually seen in the creases of the arms, and back of the knees.
There are different types of eczema, including atopic and dyshidrotic eczema. Atopic eczema can occur at any age, but is very common in children, while dyshidrotic eczema if usually seen in the 20-40 age group.
What causes eczema?
The exact cause of eczema is uncertain, but the skin disease is believed to be inherited. It is also linked to allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever. Eczema can be triggered by a variety of factors including food intolerance, irritants in body care products, nutritional deficiencies, digestive issues, and allergens such as dust mites, mold, and pets.
How to treat eczema?
Since the causes of eczema vary, the treatment will as well. Atopic eczema is usually treated with topical corticosteroids, emollients, and antihistamines. In the case of dyshidrotic eczema, wet compresses and soaks are also used to reduce the blisters, alongside medication.
Along with the recommended medication, it is also necessary to avoid products with ingredients like retinol and alcohol that can dry out the skin. It is best to use formulations that are hypoallergenic, and contain ingredients such as oatmeal and aloe that will calm and soothe the skin.
Contact Skin Cancer Specialists, P.C. and Aesthetic Center, serving the greater Atlanta metro, for more information and help with treating eczema. Call us today to schedule a consultation.